Lahore: Department of Seri Culture, Punjab Forest Department has determined to start out mushroom cultivation within the province. Mushrooms shall be grown experimentally in Lahore, Faisalabad, Chichawatni and Sargodha. Mushrooms are utilized in quick meals and drugs, mushrooms may be grown at house.
Punjab Forest Department has determined to advertise mushroom cultivation in Punjab with the assistance of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. A laboratory has been arrange in Forest Colony Lahore for experiments associated to mushroom cultivation. Muhammad Farooq Bhatti, Deputy Director, Seri Culture, Forest Department, stated that mushrooms have been cultivated in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa for a very long time and it’s a profitable enterprise. Based on this mannequin, we have now determined to introduce mushroom cultivation in Punjab as a home business. European mushrooms, oyster-like mushrooms, prawn mushrooms and oak mushrooms are vital for synthetic cultivation in Pakistan. However, there’s a want to extend the manufacturing of mushrooms in our nation in addition to synthetic mushrooms for the world market. Increase manufacturing capability in order that overseas alternate may be obtained from this crop.
According to Muhammad Farooq Bhatti, mushrooms have been given totally different names in numerous areas. Khamiri or Ghaba in Balochistan, Shamu in Baltistan, Khambi in Punjab and Sindh. "Mushrooms are a fungus that grows overnight," he stated. Its seeds are very fantastic when ripe and fall off. And so it thrives in favorable climate and humidity, and so the mushroom comes out in a single day. In our areas, wild species emerge, particularly in March and April. It is a supply of employment for hundreds of individuals and a supply of hundreds of thousands of rupees in overseas alternate for the nation.
According to agronomists, the Chinese had been the primary to make use of mushrooms as meals and referred to as it the key to longevity. In historic instances the court docket of kings and generals was adorned as a excessive dish. In historic instances the Greeks and Romans thought-about it meals. The Roman emperor Caesar was his grandfather. Mushrooms are a giant enterprise in lots of international locations of the world and the employment of hundreds of thousands of individuals is related to this business. It can also be rising in our nation as a home business.
Mushrooms are additionally referred to as the vegetable of paradise or the meals of paradise as a result of the meals referred to as man wa salwa which was revealed by the Holy Prophet for the youngsters of Israel. The inclusion of mushrooms in it’s clear from Mushkwat Sharif. Modern analysis info show that the invaluable mushroom, which was part of man and salwa, nonetheless grows naturally on this world in a single type or one other.
We develop naturally in mountainous areas after snow melts and in monsoon rains and in forests, pastures and herbs. They develop within the forests of coniferous forests of sure sorts of hardwoods at an altitude of 1000 to 2000 meters in our mountainous areas and are additionally present in many types in Azad Kashmir.
Mushrooms are a extremely nutritious crop that incorporates 30 to 35 p.c protein, in addition to vitamin B2, niacin, riboflavin, vitamin G, and vitamin E. This vitamin is misplaced by cooking, freezing or canning. Due to the presence of calcium, phosphorus and different salts, it’s helpful for physique composition. It incorporates little or no starch and oil. Based on which it is a perfect meals for diabetics and coronary heart illness and poor folks and girls who need to preserve themselves sensible can obtain the specified outcomes through the use of mushrooms with out weight-reduction plan. In addition to its many traits, it’s thought-about to be based mostly on style and aroma.
We are poor in protein and in these instances we take a look at mushrooms and if our girls domesticate mushrooms at house, not solely can they get contemporary mushrooms, however they will additionally educate and promote them. This is how one can save your self. There is not any want for a big house for this. In this regard, Agricultural Research Dhodial has additionally offered coaching and seeds to girls and thus girls are cultivating mushrooms on a family scale.
Agricultural specialists say mushrooms are a priceless crop, producing about eight kilograms of contemporary mushrooms per sq. meter, and if new expertise is used, it might produce 5 crops a yr, and most significantly That is, waste is utilized in its cultivation and thus it additionally has an influence on environmental air pollution. Mushrooms may be grown on rice straw, wheat straw, wooden chips, cotton fields, cotton waste, corn husks.